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      VOA慢速英語:Hop、skip和jump三個動詞的辨析

      2019-05-27 15:33     供稿單位: 新航道    

      出國英語考試有哪些 雅思6.5是什么水平 雅思閱讀評分標準 托福閱讀評分標準 雅思和托福的區別

        How to Use Hop, Skip and Jump

        Hop、skip和jump這三個詞如何使用


        Today on Ask a Teacher, we answer a question from a Facebook friend.

        在今天的Ask a Teacher欄目中,我們回答了一位Facebook朋友的問題

        Question:

        問題:

        Guadalupe writes, “Hello! Could you explain what are the differences between hop, jump and skip? Thank you!!”

        瓜達盧普寫道:“哈嘍!你能給我解釋下hop、jump和skip這三個詞之間的不同嗎?謝謝你!”

        Answer:

        回答:

        Hi, Guadelupe! What a fun question! We usually say the words in this order: “hop, skip, and jump.” This expression brings back memories of my childhood and when my children were young. Children are always moving and these verbs describe three actions they love to do. Let’s talk about their meanings and give examples of how English speakers use them.

        嗨,瓜達盧普!這個問題問得很有趣!我們通常會按照這樣的順序讀這些單詞:“hop、skip和skip。”這種表達方式使我回憶起我的童年和當我孩子還年幼的時候。孩子們總是在運動而這些動詞描述了他們喜歡做的三個動作。我們一起討論下他們的意思并列舉一些說英語的人使用它們的實例。


        Hop

        We say a person hops when they jump upward on one foot or make a series of jumps on one foot. When people hop, they usually stay in about the same place. For animals, we say they hop when they jump with two feet or all of their feet at one time. Think of how a bunny rabbit moves: The animal is hopping.

        當某人用一只腳向前跳一下或者用一只腳跳了好幾下時,我們說這個人在單腳跳行(hop)。當人們單腳跳行時,他們通常待在同一個地點附近。用來形容動物時,當它們用雙腳或者它們所有的腳同時跳躍時,我們稱他們在齊足跳行。想一下小兔子是如何奔跑的:這個動物在齊足跳行。

        Another use of the word “hop” comes from the 1960s. It can mean an informal dance for young people. American Bobby Darin sang about a girl who was the “queen of the hop.”

        單詞“hop”的另外一種用法來自二十世紀六十年代。對于年輕人可以意味著一次非正式舞會。美國的巴比·達林歌唱了一位被稱作“舞會女王”的年輕女孩。

        I got a girl they call the queen of the hop, oh well I love my queen...

        我遇見一個女孩,他們稱她為舞會女王,哦我愛我的女王……

        And you have probably heard of the name “hip-hop.” That form of music first became popular in New York City in the 1980s.

        你可能已經聽過這個名字“嘻哈”。那種形式的音樂首次于二十世紀八十年代于紐約流行起來。


        Skip

        Skip means to move forward in a light, playful way by stepping from one foot to the other with a hop or bounce. Have you ever seen a young child moving so that one foot hits the ground and slides a little before they take another step? That is skipping, and children usually do it when they are happy.

        Skip的意思是以一種輕盈有趣的方式向前移動,往往是兩只腳輪替向前踏,運動中單腳跳行和上下蹦跶。你有沒有見到過一個年幼的小孩像這樣向前移動:一只腳踏在地上然后滑行一點兒接著才邁出第二步?那就是在蹦蹦跳跳地走,并且孩子們通常在他們高興的時候才會那樣做。

        In addition, “skipping rope” is a game where you hold a rope in both hands and move it under your feet with each step.

        除此之外,“跳繩”是一種游戲。游戲中你會雙手拿著一根繩然后每一步都將它移動到你的腳下。


        Jump

        Finally, jump means to push the body into the air using one’s legs.

        最后,jump的意思是用腳將身體推向空中。

        Children love jumping on beds. So adults teach them the song, “Five Little Monkeys,” which warns of what can happen when someone falls.

        孩子們喜歡在床上跳。所以成人教他們唱《》五只小猴子》這首歌。警告孩子們當有人摔倒時會發生什么。

        Five little monkeys jumping on the bed

        One fell off and bumped his head

        Mama called the doctor

        And the doctor said

        No more monkeys jumping on the bed...

        五只小猴子在床上跳

        一只猴子摔倒了碰到了腦袋

        猴子媽媽打電話叫來醫生

        醫生說

        任何猴子不能再在床上跳了

        Hop, skip or jump?

        Now, a few final words of advice:

        現在,關于這些單詞的最后的一點兒建議:

        ★If you want to describe a quick movement in almost the same place with one foot or both feet together, use “hop.”

        如果你想用描述一只腳或雙腳在幾乎同一個地方快速移動,請使用“hop”。

        ★When you talk about forward movement with little hops and steps, use “skip.”

        當你談論的向前移動包含單腿跳行和邁步時,使用“skip”。

        ★And when the movement goes farther, use the word “jump.”

        當單個動作更遠時,用單詞“jump”。

        And that’s Ask a Teacher!

        那是Ask a Teacher欄目的全部內容。

        I’m Jill Robbins, and I’m hopping out of here!

        我是吉爾·羅賓斯。我要單腿跳著離開這兒了!



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