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    SAT文法中邏輯主語一致性考點(2)

    2019-07-03 11:16     供稿單位: 新航道    

    出國英語考試有哪些 雅思6.5是什么水平 雅思閱讀評分標準 托福閱讀評分標準 雅思和托福的區別

      標志結構二:句子以同位語開始,主語一致

      錯誤句式:An orphan raised in humble surroundings, the novel Great Expectations has a hero who is given a fortune and sets out to become a gentleman.

      改為: An orphan raised in humble surroundings, the hero of the novel Great Expectations later is given a fortune and sets out to become a gentleman.

      原則是句首的同位語描述的對象orphan 應與句子主干的主語保持一致。

      例如Khan 語法‘War and Poetry: T.S. Eliot's Fourth Quartet’第5 題

      A valued public intellectual figure, Eliot's skills as a writer, editor, and lecturer were in high demand.

      A.NO CHANGE

      B.Eliot's writing, editing, and lecturing skills were in high demand.

      C.Eliot was in high demand as a writer, editor, and lecturer.

      D.high demand was placed on Eliot's skills as a writer, editor, and lecturer.

      做題思路:

      1. 識別考點:主語前面有主語的同位語A valued public intellectual figure

      2. 這個同位語表示的是人,所以主語也應該是一個人,C選項主語是 Eliot,所以正確。

      標志結構三:介詞+doing, 主語一致

      錯誤句式:By using a thimble to protect your finger from the needle, the thimble makes sewing easier.

      改為:By using a thimble to protect your finger from the needle, you can sew more easily.

      由此看出,句子中若出現了介詞加doing,那么句子主干的主語應與doing 的執行者保持一致。

      例如Khan 語法‘The Ambassadors: A Meditation on Mortality’第3 題

      Upon viewing the painting from the front, the confident ambassadors are seen by the careful observer standing amongst symbols of prosperity, above the hazy and abstract anamorphic image.

      A.NO CHANGE

      B.Symbols of prosperity are seen by the careful observer amongst the confident ambassadors,

      C.amongst the confident ambassadors, symbols of prosperity are seen by the careful observer,

      D.the careful observer sees the confident ambassadors standing amongst symbols of prosperity,

      做題思路:

      1. 識別考點:句首有狀語Upon viewing the painting from the front

      2. 句子主語應該與這個狀語中viewing 這個詞的邏輯主語一致,只有D 選項的主語the careful observer 符合。


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